Tufted carpet is produced on machines similar to sewing machines. Several
hundred needles stitch hundreds of rows of pile yarn tufts through a backing
fabric called the primary backing. The yarn is caught by loopers and held in
place for loop-pile carpet or cut by blades for cut-pile carpet. Next, a
secondary backing, usually polypropylene, is laminated with latex to the carpet.
Other alternatives are attached cushion backings that will add resilience,
acoustical insulation, and comfort underfoot. Tufted patterns are now very
elaborate and durable. Patterns that were once only achieved through weaving or
printing are now achieved through advanced tufting technology.
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